Brad Joondeph

Publication Date


Document Type



There are currently about twenty cases being litigated in the lower federal courts that challenge-in some way, shape, or form-the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, also affectionately known as the ACA or "Obamacare." Thus far, three district courts have dispositively ruled on the merits of the constitutional challenges: one from the Western District of Virginia, one from the Eastern District of Virginia, and one from the Eastern District of Michigan. So we now have three cases that are essentially in the courts of appeals. There are in the neighborhood of fifteen other cases continuing to percolate in the district courts.