Publication Date


Document Type

Survey Article



During the survey year from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2009, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit continued its recent trend of limiting the number of its published opinions, a trend discussed in more detail in a previous survey. This Survey will address several unpublished-yet noteworthy-decisions. However, readers should bear in mind Eleventh Circuit Rule 36-2, which provides that "[u~npublished opinions are not considered binding precedent, but they may be cited as persuasive authority." Also note that the court's internal operating procedures suggest an even more limited role for unpublished opinions:

The court generally does not cite to its "unpublished" opinions because they are not binding precedent. The court may cite to them where they are specifically relevant to determine whether the predicates for res judicata, collateral estoppel, or double jeopardy exist in the case, to ascertain the law of the case, or to establish the procedural history or facts of the case.