In United States v. American Library Ass'n, the United States Supreme Court held that filtering provisions of the Children's Internet Protection Act ("CIPA" or "Act") are constitutional and are a valid exercise of Congress's spending power because they do not induce public libraries to violate their patrons' First Amendment rights. The Court also held that CIPA does not place unconstitutional conditions upon public libraries' receipt of federal funding.
"Filtering Software in Public Libraries: Traditional Collection Decision or Congressionally Induced First Amendment Violation?,"
Mercer Law Review: Vol. 55:
3, Article 9.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.mercer.edu/jour_mlr/vol55/iss3/9