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This Article was written in 1986 and submitted to the University of New Orleans Symposium on Neutrality. The Article reflects the author's analysis regarding the United States military intervensionism into the Middle East with a special focus on the Persian Gulf region. The author analyzes the United States' policies to divide-and-conquer the Arab oil fields that orginated as early as in the 1973 Arab oil boycott of Europe. The body of the Article traces the historical developments leading into the Reagan Administration's own foreign policies toward the Iran-Iraq War. Following the body of the Article, the author then. continues an analysis of the United States' role in the Middle East in the Postcript. The board of editors has decided to reprint the Article at this time because it provides important historical background to the Iran-Iraq War that is necessary to analyze the United States War against Iraq.