Supporters call it "one of the most significant developments in the federal rulemaking system since passage of the Administrative Procedure Act." Opponents suggest that it "may well prove the most destructive half-page of law that most people do not know is on the books." It is the Information Quality Act, enacted in 2000 as a two paragraph rider to appropriations legislation for the 2001 fiscal year. While it was supposed to improve the quality of information that the government relies upon in decision making, critics assert that the Act contributes to the ossification of rulemaking, encourages agencies to make decisions informally through guidance documents and policies, rather than formally through • - rules, reduces government disclosure of information, creates a bias in government decision making toward industry-backed science, and fundamentally changes the manner in which the government evaluates risks in decision making.
Stephen M. Johnson, Ruminations on Dissemination: Limits on Administrative and Judicial Review Under the Information Quality Act, 55 Cath. U. L. Rev. 101 (2005).